Jewish / Hebrew Alphabet

The Hebrew alphabet, in Hebrew term, is Slefbet ‘Ivri can be written as אָלֶף־בֵּיתעִבְרִי. It is popular among many experts as block script, square script and Jewish script is a type of abjad writings that is written in the Hebrew language. This Hebrew alphabet is being used in the Jewish languages such as Judeo-Arabic, Hideo-Spanish, and Yiddish language.

And according to the history of Jewish, two different abjad writings are written in the Hebrew language. The traditional Hebrew alphabet is commonly known as the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet. These are all stored in many varieties in the form of Samaritan alphabet, which is usually known as Ashuri alphabet by many Jewish sages. The Ashuri alphabet is originated in the land of Assyria.

There are different varieties of styles or known in these days in the word of font, that represents the script letters of Jewish people that still exist until in this generation such as the style of cursive Hebrew.

The Hebrew alphabet consists of 22 different Hebrew letters. Five Hebrew letters will show various forms when it was being used at the end of every word. You can write a Hebrew term starting from right to left. Historically, the Hebrew alphabet is called abjad writings because it contains only consonants, but it is now widely known in the word “impure abjad.” Similar to the other abjad scripts, including the alphabet of Arab, during the Biblical times, they are using so many scribes devised means that will show the every vowel sound through separating the vowel points from it, known as the niqqud in the Hebrew language. In both the rabbinic and biblical Hebrew, these letters, which are יוהא can also use as the matres lectionis, which a consonant Hebrew letter is being used to show vowel letters. The so-called “full spelling” is one of the trends happening in Modern Hebrew regarding the usage of matres lectionis to show the vowel Hebrew letters that were vanished without being written.

The new version of Hebrew alphabet is known as the Yiddish alphabet is considered as a real version of Hebrew alphabet, with the usage of the whole vowels that are given by the spelling, excluding the case of devised words in Hebrew, which usually maintain their spellings in Hebrew alphabet. Both the Hebrew and the Arabic alphabets are similar to each other because both of these alphabets originate in the Aramaic alphabet.

Generally, the historical style and form of the Hebrew alphabet are called abjad because it contains only consonant letters that you can write starting from right to left. This Hebrew alphabet is composed of 22 different Hebrew letters, and five of them create different forms when were being used at the end of the Hebrew term.

Vowels in Hebrew Alphabet

In historical forms and styles, the so-called weak consonants, which are א or pronounced as Aleph, י or pronounced as Yodhו or pronounced as Vav and ה or pronounced as He, serve as the matres lectionis or the vowel letters. Through connecting the Hebrew vowel letter from the first one, it will create another style or form of the word. These are also being used as the vowel points systems that are being used on showing the diacritics or vowels that is called niqqud. In this generation, the forms of the alphabet innovate, similar to the cases of the Yiddish alphabet and in some varieties in Modern Hebrew alphabet the vowel letters are being shown. In these days, the trend is now all about the full spelling of a Hebrew term using the matres lectionis considered as the real vowels.

When these weak letters are being used on writing a Yiddish word, vowels are being shown through the use of some letters either with, אָ or יִ, or without, ע or י, niqqud diacritics, excluding the words in Hebrew language, which when used in Yiddish language, it was still written with their Hebrew spellings.


To sum it up, the Hebrew alphabet contains the total of 22 Hebrew letters that are all consonants, and the five consonant letters or the weak letters are being used to indicate vowel letters. Writing a Hebrew word will begin from right to leave, remember that.

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