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The laws of Tisha B’Av can be found in the Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim (552-557). The Shulchan Aruch is a collection of rabbinic writings that explain the laws of Tisha B’Av. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tisha B’Av. For more information, visit Wikipedia:Tisha B’Av.
Fasting on Tisha B’Aw in Orthodox Judaism is a traditional Jewish holiday that commemorates the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem. Historically, the day was also marked by many other tragedies affecting the Jewish people, including the expulsion of the Jewish people from Spain in 1492 and England in 1290.
Many people will opt to abstain from fasting on Tisha B’Av this year. This is understandable, since it falls during the summer vacation period. However, some may choose to fast on this day, regardless of its religious significance. Some Orthodox rabbis have taken the initiative to hold special services on this day. One such congregation is Congregation Beth Shalom, which has also offered Tisha B’Av services in the past.
During the fast on Tisha B’Av, Jews are asked to refrain from a variety of practices, including washing skin, wearing leather, and reading kinnot, which are poems of mourning. Jews also sit Shiva to honor the dead and pray for peace and restoration. Fasting on Tisha B’Av is traditionally observed for 25 hours.
Several Tisha B’Av rites are similar to those observed on Yom Kippur. Fasting on Tisha B’Av requires that people refrain from eating, drinking, shaving, and wearing leather shoes. Some communities also discourage laughing and smiling, and burying old prayer books and Torahs. These restrictions are often followed until noon on the day after Tisha B’Av.
Women in particular should fast for as long as possible during Tisha B’Av. Pregnant or lactating mothers should break their fast when they become weak or need to drink water. Lactating mothers should limit the amount of meat and wine they consume, while also abstaining from eating anything that is not essential to their health or to the baby’s life.
The last meal of the Tisha B’Av fast traditionally excludes meat and wine, in order to recognize that the burning of the Temple went on until the next day. On Tisha B’Av, the day before the Jewish New Year, Shabbat Nahamu, is called the “Shabbat of comfort,” and it marks the beginning of the consoling phase of the year.
In Orthodox Judaism, the day after Tisha B’Av is more Chamur than the nine days, as long as the mourner sits within three Tefachim of the ground. A pillow is also acceptable on this day, but a person should be fasting for at least nine days. In addition, the day after Tisha B’Av is called a “sabbath day,” and those who are mourning are forbidden to eat on this day.
Some people who broke their fasts before Chatzos do not need to make up their fasts on Tisha B’Av. However, if the fasting is threatening one’s health, they should consider the risks associated with a prolonged fast. People suffering from eating disorders should not fast on Tisha B’Av. A Rov should be consulted before fasting on this day.
Tisha B’Av is the most solemn day in Judaism. This day is dedicated to mourning the destruction of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman Empire and the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Although many tragedies occurred on this day, the two most tragic were the destruction of the first and second temples.
The day is commemorated by a fast for three weeks. The fast is also known as Yom Kippur. On this day, people mourn the destruction of the First and Second Temples, as well as Jewish life in Jerusalem. The name “Tisha B’Av” comes from the Hebrew word for nine, which means, ‘day of darkness.’
As the ninth day of the month of Av, Tisha B’Av marks the destruction of the First and Second Temples. Some Jews also mark other tragedies that occurred in Jewish history. While many will pass August 13th through to sunset without giving it a thought, some Orthodox Jews choose to remember this day with a special service. It is a day to reflect on the loss of life, and it is a time of spiritual and emotional renewal.
The purpose of the Remembrance of Tisha B-Av in Orthodox Judaisim is to revive historical memory and legends passed down through the generations. In this way, it can be a catalyst for personal change and for societal transformation. It can encourage people to do good and to fight against baseless hatred. So, the message of Tisha B’Av is to remember the sacrifices of the past and anticipate a new day.
Tisha B’Av commemorates the destruction of the first and second Temples in Jerusalem. This day is rich with tragedy. Throughout history, the Jewish people were expelled from Spain in 1492 and from England in 1290, just to name a few. And the destruction of the two temples is only one event that the Jewish people have faced throughout history.
The early Reform movement did not commemorate Tisha B’Av because they saw exile and destruction as necessary in fulfilling the destiny of the Jewish people. The Reform movement, on the other hand, saw these as essential in bringing the Jewish vision of ethical monotheism to all humanity. In contrast, Conservative Judaism has continued to commemorate the Holocaust on Tisha B’Av despite the challenges that the day presents.
Aneinu after Goeil Yisrael and Nachmanides
In orthodox Judaism, the prayer of Aneinu after the blessing of Boneh Yerushalayim and Nachmanides on Tisha B-Av is usually omitted if a person is fasting. In addition, when saying the silent Amida, a person who is fasting may say Nachem rather than Aneinu. In the case of non-fasting, they may also say Sim Shalom instead of Shalom Rav.
Among the many rites performed on this day, the fastest and prayer service are held on the tenth of Tevet. The Tenth of Tevet marks the beginning of the siege of Jerusalem and the Seventeenth of Tammuz commemorates the first breach in the wall by Romans. Another fast day commemorates the assassination of the first king of Judah by the Babylonians. During the fast, Jews perform special kinnots.
Rav Ovadia, a famous rabbi, also held that the eating of wine on Tisha B’Av should be delayed. He argued that the recitation of havdala on Tisha B’Av is similar to that done after a burial. Rav Massas, however, argued that it is best to perform havdala on Motzei Shabbat, which is the day of Tisha B’Av.
If the fast falls on a Sunday, special rules apply. The prohibition of studying the Torah during Tisha B’Av begins at midday on the eve of the fast and lasts until sundown. After the fast, people are permitted to sit on normal height furniture and make meals. In many communities, housework is done, especially washing floors, after midday.
According to the Shulchan Aruch, the laws of Tisha B’Av are recorded in Orach Chayim, 552-557. To learn more about Tisha B’Av, visit Wikimedia Commons. There are many online sources that offer explanations of this important holiday.
The Aneinu prayer – which is a combination of the three main prayers of Tisha B’Av – is one of the main aspects of the Tisha B’Av celebration. This prayer commemorates the destruction of the First Temple by Nebuchadnezzar, and the subsequent exile of the entire population. According to the Bible, the destruction began on the 7th of Av and continued until the 10th, although the Temple itself was destroyed in the early centuries of the Second Temple.