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If you have ever been wondering what is Nidah observance according to Orthodox Judaism, you are not alone. Many Jewish people are curious about this topic, but it can be difficult to figure out which way to go. There are a few things that you should keep in mind when determining your own observance.
Shavuot marks the transition from the barley harvest to the wheat harvest
Shavuot is a Jewish harvest festival, also known as the Feast of Weeks, Pentecost, and Festival of the Giving of Our Torah. It is celebrated on the sixth day of the month of Sivan in Israel and on the seventh day in the Diaspora.
Biblically, Shavuot marks the conclusion of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. It is also considered one of the three pilgrimage festivals of the Hebrew Bible. It is associated with the revelation at Mount Sinai and the giving of the Torah.
Although the exact date of the Revelation at Sinai is not stated in the Hebrew Bible, it is believed to have taken place in the early Third Hebrew Month. During the period between Passover and Shavuot, the Israelites were in the Sinai Desert.
The book of Exodus states that the Israelites were in the desert shortly after their arrival. In addition, the plague of hail struck the barley in the head. This event is referenced in the Book of Acts as a fulfillment of the promise that G-d made to the Israelites on Shavuot.
In the 12th century, a rabbi named Ibn Ezra wrote a commentary on the Book of Joshua, in which he argued that the Israelites brought the Omer offering too early. He noted that the Israelites would have harvested the barley during the Passover.
According to the rabbinic tradition, Shavuot occurs on the sixth of Sivan. It is a holy day, and the first fruits are presented to the Temple. On this day, Shavuot is celebrated with special holiday prayers and abstention from work.
Shavuot is a celebration of the giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses on the mountain of Mt. Sinai. It is also the name of a Talmudical tractate.
Many people have heard of Shavuot, but they do not know what it actually is. It is considered a holy day in both Orthodox and Conservative Judaism. During the ceremony, positive and negative commandments are recited. Observant Jews also recite the blessing at the end of each evening service.
Shavuot ends with Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah
In Jewish tradition, Shemini Atzeret is a two-day holiday. It occurs on the eighth day of Sukkot in the month of October. The name of the holiday comes from Leviticus 23:34, which states: “On this day, the Lord has kept you from servile labor; this is the sign for you.”
Shemini Atzeret is the eighth of the seven days of fire offering. In order to commemorate the festival, a Torah scroll is carried around the bimah.
The Torah reading is the centerpiece of Shemini Atzeret. The Torah scroll is carried in the right arm of the chazzan and recites the blessing Let them praise the name of HaShem. Afterwards, the Torah scroll is removed from the Holy Ark and is placed back in the ark for the accompaniment of certain prayers.
In some communities, the first aliyah is read by a gabbai, a synagogue official. This is done to avoid the long wait required by the Torah rolling. Other communities call all congregants to the bimah to participate in the aliyah.
The haftarah, or reading from the Book of Prophets, is usually read on this day. Traditionally, it is a passage related to the holidays of the week or to the day’s Torah reading. In some Conservative and Reform congregations, the haftarah is not actually read.
Throughout the day, observant Jews recite prayers, read benedictions and perform various acts. Some of the more interesting practices associated with this holiday include dancing with the Torah, studying the Torah and attending shiurim. The latter is controversial among women.
In many Orthodox, Conservative and Reform communities, the Torah reading is the most important activity of the day. In addition, a person can study any subject he wishes, and attend any shiurim he wishes. Some study groups also conduct a study on this day.
Observant Jews can also enjoy eating a festive meal on Shavuot. A sukkah, or hut made of branches and flowers, is often erected for the occasion. During this period, a person may carry around a banner.
The Talmud documents the practice of reading the last weekly Torah portions of the year on Shemini Atzeret. According to the Talmud, Shavuot was a gift to those who studied the Torah. Those who did not read it did not understand its significance.
Reconstructionist Judaism vs Jewish Renewal
Reconstructionist Judaism and Jewish Renewal are two emerging movements in American Judaism. Both share a commitment to personal spiritual growth, and to the integration of global issues into daily devotional life. However, the two movements differ in their understanding of the relationship between law and custom.
Reconstructionist Judaism views Judaism as a religious civilization that is constantly evolving. It seeks to live holiness in the world, rather than in the temple. It does not see halachah as the final authority for religious practice. It is not opposed to halachah, but instead sees it as a tool for personal and community development.
Jewish Renewal is a movement that seeks to rediscover Jewish mysticism, and to apply it to the modern world. It is rooted in Hasidism, and draws on classical Jewish and Buddhist sources. Its practices also draw upon the traditions of Orthodoxy, Reform Judaism, and New Age beliefs.
The Renewal movement is an outgrowth of the 1960s spiritual renaissance. Its early leaders were inspired by the teachings of Shlomo Carlebach, and the ideas of Abraham Joshua Heschel. In the 1970s and 1980s, the headquarters of the Renewal movement were in Philadelphia. Today, the Renewal movement is a loosely connected network of communities, based largely in the United States.
The Renewal movement emphasizes personal spiritual development and socially progressive political views. It does not have an official policy on Zionism, but most of its members are Zionists. The Renewal movement supports Israeli-Palestine peace. In 2016, the Executive Director of ALEPH, the nonprofit organization that has institutionalized the movement, said that there were at least 50 Renewal communities in the United States, Europe, and Israel.
Many members of the Renewal movement are concerned with the environmental impact of their lifestyles. They are also dedicated to humanitarian concerns that reach beyond the Jewish people.
A few Renewal communities are devoted to prayer and meditation, while others are devoted to liberal social activism. The Renewal movement does not have a hierarchy, and there is no fixed form of worship. Its services vary from traditional synagogue services, to services in which the Hebrew verse is sung to a tune.
Reform Judaism emphasizes personal connection to Jewish tradition
Reform Judaism is a movement of Jews who emphasize personal connection with the Jewish tradition. It is also called Progressive in some countries. The movement is based in the United States, but has developed in various places around the world.
It was founded in response to the Enlightenment, a social movement in the late 18th century. The Enlightenment allowed Jews to obtain secular education and freedom of religion. However, many European Jews felt that Jewish life had become too academic. They also felt that Hasidic Judaism had lost its emphasis on spirituality.
Reform Judaism grew in Germany in the mid-1800s. The movement was a reaction to the Enlightenment and the loss of religious freedom. The movement incorporated German cultural elements into its practices. For example, a congregation would often use a cantor/choir. Its early services were conducted in Hebrew, although the synagogue was sometimes modeled after a Protestant church.
The Reform Movement’s philosophy is that Jews should live their lives in an informed manner. This includes observing the kashrut laws. The organization encourages study of the Bible, Hebrew, and other traditional Jewish practices.
A prospective convert must first declare his or her acceptance of the Jewish faith and its mitzvot. This declaration is accompanied by a period of study and is witnessed by two lay leaders.
The Reform movement’s position on conversion does not include a belief in resurrection. Rather, it implies that the conversion is made on the basis of a study of the Jewish law. It does not require that the converts follow the 613 commandments. In contrast, the Orthodox approach requires that a candidate accept all the mitzvot.
In addition to requiring a commitment to the Jewish law, the Reform Movement also places a high emphasis on individual autonomy. A Reform rabbi may advise a couple on getting a divorce. The rabbi may also direct the couple to community organizations. It is a liberal approach to family matters. It permits abortion in cases of incest, rape, or danger to the mother.
A common prayer service in the Reform Movement is the Amidah. This benediction is translated as “M’chayey ha-kol,” which means “resurrection.” The service takes place in the morning and the evening. It is recited by a shatz, a person who leads the congregation in prayer. The shatz is anyone who is capable of speaking Hebrew.