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The Torah has a number of different rules concerning gematria. These include that you can make a building into a higher purpose and that you can convert a lower purpose into a higher one. You also have to have 10 men in a quorum to perform any kind of Jewish group prayer or worship. This includes both Kohanim and Mispar hechrechi.
Tisha B’Av is the saddest day of the Jewish calendar. The Jewish people commemorate the destruction of both the Temples in Jerusalem.
Tisha B’Av marks the end of three weeks of mourning for the Temples. The last nine days of the period are especially intense. During the nine days, traditional Jews do not wash, cut their hair, or get married. They also give up sexual relations and cosmetic anointing of the body.
Although Tisha B’Av is considered to be the most important fast in the Jewish calendar, it is not the only one. In fact, the other three fast days were instituted at the same time as Tisha B’Av.
The first of these fast days is known as Shabbat Hazon. It is named after the reading from Isaiah. Throughout the rest of Elul, the other two fast days are called “The Three Weeks” and “The Nine Days.”
While Tisha B’Av is considered the saddest of all the fasts, it has numerous laws and restrictions. The first is the requirement to fast for 24 hours. The second is that all Jews must fast for the full day. In addition to the daily fast, people do not cut their hair, eat meat, drink wine, or engage in other luxury activities.
Another law is that no marriages are held during the 21-day period. Many communities have a tradition of cleaning their houses after midday. This is a way to demonstrate proper behavior.
A third rule is that no new clothing is worn during the fast. This is due to the symbolism of fire. The last law is that no ironed clothes are worn during the fast.
Gematria is a form of numerology which uses the Hebrew letters to determine the numerical value of words. It is an ancient Jewish mystical technique. The concept is based on the idea that God created the universe through the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. It has been used in various forms since the 2nd century.
The Hasidic movement of the 18th century brought gematria into kabbalistic literature. The Hasidim of Ashkenaz, a group of German pietists, used gematria in mystical writings. Their writings influenced Abraham Abulafia of the Castilian school of Kabbalah.
The basic principles of gematria are that each letter of the Hebrew alphabet has a numerical value. The value of each letter is multiplied by the position of the letter in the word or phrase. The resulting number is then added to the total of the word, and the result is a single digit number. In a standard gematria system, each letter has a numerical value of either one or three.
The most common form of gematria is the one that assigns a numerical value to each letter. These letters are arranged in order, with the smallest number of letters at the bottom, and the largest at the top. These forms are used in Midrash, Torah commentary, and homiletical writings.
In addition to assigning a numerical value to each letter of the Hebrew alphabet, the final form of each Hebrew letter is given a special value. In most cases, the value is equivalent to the standard value. The value of each letter is also sensitive to the order of the letters. For example, the Aleph has a numerical value of 1. The name of the Elohim, a god who connects the earth to the heavenly realm, has a numerical value of 86.
Kohanim, or priests, are important in Jewish religious rites. They have a long and fascinating history. As a rule, they cannot marry divorced women. They are also forbidden from being near a dead body.
The Kohen status is passed from father to son. To hold or confer the title, a man must be ordained. This ordination is based on the Torah.
According to Orthodox Judaism, Kohanim are not allowed to eat meat or milk. They cannot use the same utensils for both. They must also refrain from mixing their food. They are also forbidden from entering a graveyard.
The Torah teaches that the Kohanim’s rulings are decisive and authoritative. Their authority is rooted in the Oral Torah and written Torah. They are also quoted as a substitute for the tribes of Israel.
According to the Torah, the Kohanim must perform many sacred duties. They lead sacrifices, lit the menorah, and administered the administrative aspects of worship. During the Pidyon Haben ceremony, the Kohanim “officiate” for the first-born sons of Jewish families. They perform Birkat Kohahim, which is the priestly blessing.
The earliest mention of numerical gematria comes from statements made by tannaim in the second century. In the Bible, the word yihyeh means 30, and the letters Het and Yod add up to 18. The atbah system, which changes the alphabet letters, is also used.
The aggadic Midrashim in the late aggadic period made use of Moses b. Isaac ha-Darshan’s work as well as that of Bereshit Rabbati. They also cited the gematriot established by Moses b. Zakkai.
Although the Kohen status is not guaranteed by observance, it is confirmed by oral tradition. However, if a Kohen violates his or her marriage restrictions, the status is revoked.
10 men are necessary for a quorum for Jewish group prayer and worship
If you are a member of a Jewish community, you have probably heard of minyan. A minyan is a quorum of ten men, usually males, who are required to be present during certain Jewish group worship services.
The requirement for minyan is rooted in the Torah. According to the Bible, ten men are needed to gather to pray. One example is the Birkat HaGomel prayer. The Birkat HaGomel is a prayer to save people from danger. In addition, there are a number of other rituals that require minyan. For instance, a Korban Pesach must be offered before a quorum of 30.
In some progressive synagogues, men and women can sit together and sing, as well as play instruments or read the Torah. This type of worship is a more communal, less selfish approach to prayer.
While ten men is the standard in Orthodox synagogues, there is a movement promoting increased involvement by women. This movement is called the Partnership Minyanim movement. It is led by Prof. Tova Hartman.
Although the minimum requirement for minyan is ten men, some sources suggest that only five are necessary to complete the quorum. Some Talmudic authorities believe that minors can act as the tenth. This is controversial, but some rabbis have permitted it.
The minyan requirement was very important during the Nazi concentration camps. In addition, it has helped keep the Jewish community unified in isolated areas.
Many independent minyans have emerged over the past decade. These communities combine halakha and egalitarianism with traditional Jewish law. Some have formed independently, while others have emerged as a part of established synagogue or denominational structures.
Traditionally, men are the only ones allowed to carry the minyan. In some progressive synagogues, men sing unaccompanied. Some congregation members touch the velvet Sefer Torah, and other congregation members kiss the talith.
Jewish law permits a building to be converted from a lower purpose to a higher purpose
The ancient Jewish state of Israel was ruled by a group of rabbis who decided disputes by a process referred to as the Oral Torah. Among the many things that the Oral Torah has done for the Jewish people is to create a code of law that is still used today.
The Oral Torah is not the only way in which Jews can display their gratitude to G-d. They have several rites of passage that they can perform. The best known of these is the rite of circumcision. It is performed on the eighth day of a male’s life.
The Oral Torah has a couple of other notable feats to its credit. One is the fact that it fixed the calendar. Another is the fact that it was passed on to the prophets and to Moses.
The Oral Torah has an even more impressive feat. It is the oldest known collection of rabbinic lore.
It was made into a book in the sixteenth century and is still in use today. The book is a compilation of the five books of the Bible and the corresponding readings from the prophets.
The most important thing that the Oral Torah has done for the Jews is to provide a guideline for how to conduct business. The code of Jewish law is a highly revered work that lays out the order in which the weekly Torah portions are to be read.
It is also a well-known fact that the Oral Torah is not the only part of Jewish law. Other parts include the rite of circumcision, rites of passage, the mitzvah of tithing, and the rite of passage to the land of Israel.