Saturday is the seventh day of the week, and Judaism is a holy and important day of rest. The mitzvah of Shabbat is the first time on the fixed dates prescribed by the Torah and is a central mitzvah of Judaism, written among the Ten Commandments given at Har Sinai: “Remember the Sabbath day to sanctify it” (Shemot 20: 8). In these circumstances, it is considered essential and important for Jews in general and the observant in particular.
The mitzvah of Shabbat according to Judaism symbolizes the creation of the world by God, and it was established today as holy at the time of the creation of the world when the world was created in six days and on the seventh day “Shabbat VaiNash.” The idea behind the mitzvah of Shabbat is to make it a day of rest from work and worship, to sanctify and elevate it, and to increase the rest of the body and soul through sleep, meal, prayer and Torah study. Judaism maintains that the observance of the Sabbath constitutes an active confession of God’s creation and strengthens the faith between man and God. Also, the atmosphere of Shabbat brings man closer to his Creator and Creator.
The Sabbath comes in on Friday evening, just before sunset, and ends on the following day, when the stars come out.
Every Sabbath there is an order for the actions taken in it. From time to time, on special Sabbaths (such as Yom Kippur that falls on Shabbat or Shabbat during Chol Hamoed Sukkot / Pesach), the Seder changes slightly, but generally the usual Shabbat routine as follows:
– Lighting Shabbat candles: Shabbat comes with the lighting of the Sabbath candles, a short time before sunset on Friday. The commandment applies both to women and to men, and the custom is that women light Shabbat candles, but if the man is alone, he too is obligated to light candles. In Judaism, it is believed that the hour of lighting the Sabbath candles is a time of desire and it is customary to ask for prayers and prayers at this time.
– Kabbalat Shabbat: Prayers in the synagogue for the Shabbat together with the pleasant evening service.
Kiddush and Shabbat meals: Kiddush on Shabbat is a blessing over wine, and the meal is a blessing on bread. The Kiddush is meant to sanctify and commemorate Shabbat.
– Oneg Shabbat: Enjoying the materialism of food, drink, rest and marital relations.
– Saturday meal including kiddush.
– Seudah Shlishit: Halakha requires three meals a day. The third meal should be after the Sabbath meal, and before sunset.
Havdalah: A ceremony that symbolizes the end of the Sabbath and the passage is sacred to the sand. Havdalah held after the evening prayer on Saturday night.
The commandment of Shabbat: Positive and negative commandments