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Shavua tov is an expression spoken on the sabbath to wish someone good luck in the upcoming week.
Shavua Tov is a Hebrew expression that people say to others to wish them a good week. It is a common phrase spoken among people in the Jewish community. They typically only wish others “shavua tov” on weekends, so that they may have a good rest of the week. To learn more about why people speak this phrase or where it comes from, then keep reading! In this article, you can discover:
- * The direct translation of “Shavua tov” and how it is pronounced
- * The history of saying “shavua tov” and the Hebrew language
- * What to reply to someone who wishes you “shavua tov”
- * Why Jews do not use the phrase during the week
- * Other common Jewish greetings
The direct translation of “shavua tov” comes from Hebrew to English is “good week.” Therefore, Jewish people say the phrase to greet one another. It is a Hebrew word that people use to wish someone good fortune throughout the coming week.
The pronunciation is not too complicated. It is very similar to the phrase’s spelling. The correct pronunciation of “shavua tov” is “sha-VOO-ah TOHV.”
The History of Saying “Shavua Tov” and the Hebrew Language
People have used the phrase “shavua tov” for many years. This makes sense, as Hebrew itself is a very ancient and historical language.
The Hebrew language evolved and developed over many years. As a result, there are variations of the language that include biblical, Mishnaic, and medieval versions. However, all forms of the language contain the characteristic that word roots have three consonants. The addition of vowels and more consonants indicates different definitions and parts of speech.
People have spoken Hebrew since biblical times. Scholars believe that the oldest findings of written Hebrew are in some of the Old Testament poems. Specifically, the poem called the “Song of Deborah,” found in the book of Judges.
As the language formed, it adopted words and other elements from different languages. These languages include Spanish, Arabic, Greek, Latin, and Persian. Additionally, some other researchers and scholars think that there are elements of the Sumerian language. All these influences make geographic sense because these languages come from the same region of the world.
Hebrew declined in popularity as a spoken language around the beginning of the 9th century. It did not return as a spoken language until around the 18th century. During this hiatus, the Hebrew language developed as a written language. This period added new vocabulary that updated the language overall to fit the times. There was an addition of philosophical and scientific words that had influences from different languages. Along with new words, this time also modernized older terms, giving them more relevant definitions.
The language returned as a spoken language around the 18th century. As a result of all the changes during the hiatus, the modern variation of Hebrew is one of the only colloquial languages based on a written language. The pronunciation of words comes from dialects of the Sephardic Jews- those from Spain and Portugal.
What to Reply to Someone Who Wishes You “Shavua Tov”
As the phrase “shavua tov” is a friendly greeting, if someone says it to you, a proper response is to say it right back. It is a quick thing to say to create and establish a friendly environment. Another acceptable answer is to say “Gam l’cha” to men or “Gam lech” to women. These phrases translate to “likewise” or “also to you.”
“Shavua tov” is commonly spoken on Saturday evenings- the Jewish sabbath. Another phrase that is equivalent to this one is “Gut voch.” This one, rather than Hebrew, it is Yiddish, which is the Jewish language often spoken before the Holocaust in central and eastern Europe. Today, many Jews in the United States, Russia, and Israel speak Yiddish. Therefore, they are more likely to say “gut voch” instead of “shavua tov.”
People also use this phrase as a farewell in addition to a greeting. “Shavua tov” is mostly used as a greeting, but it also serves to end a conversation cordially or to say to someone as you pass them on the street.
Why Jews Do Not Use the Phrase During the Week
The phrase “shavua tov” is said on Saturday nights and sometimes on Sundays. It is a way to tell someone that you hope they have a good week. Therefore, it makes more sense to say this before the week begins. Saturday is the Jewish sabbath, so when the day of rest ends, the week starts. At this time, you can hear more people say, “shavua tov!”
Other Common Jewish Greetings
Including “shavua tov,” there are many Jewish greetings that people say to one another to create a friendly atmosphere. The following are some popular Jewish greetings and phrases.
Shabbat Shalom- This is a Hebrew expression that is said to others to wish a peaceful sabbath. Jews say this to one another after service on the sabbath.
Gut Shabbes- This is a Yiddish phrase that used as a greeting. It can be used at any time, not just on the sabbath.
Shalom Aleikhem- A phrase spoken in Hebrew and Yiddish. Another way to say the phrase is “Sholem aleikhem.” Jews say this traditional greeting to one another at any time of the week.
Mazel Tov- It translates to “good luck.” However, the context in which people use it differs from the English meaning. Rather than saying “mazel tov” to wish luck upon someone, people say it to express that luck is already upon someone. It has a similar definition to “congratulations.”
There are many more Jewish expressions that people say to each other to express happiness or friendliness. “Shavua tov” is commonly spoken on the Jewish sabbath, which occurs on Saturdays. Although it is not correct to say the expression during the week, it is still a friendly and amicable phrase to tell someone on the weekends, especially on the sabbath.